What laws require that reasonable accommodations be provided?

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Several different laws apply to people with disabilities and require that employers and educators provide reasonable accommodations. All employers with 15 or more employees, including for-profit and non-profit businesses, state and local governments, religious entities and the United States Congress, must comply with the ADA.

Federal agencies of the Executive branch, Federal government contractors and those who receive Federal financial assistance must comply with the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.

Although not specifically requiring accommodations, the Family Medical Leave Act provides for 12 weeks of unpaid employee leave in the event of illness, which may be used by an employee with a disability as an accommodation.

Click on the following for summaries of basic information about these laws. For detailed information on each of these laws, follow the links to the resources in each section, or look in our pages entitled Where can I go for more information (for Employers) and Where can I go for more information (for Educators).

bulletThe Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Definition of ADA Terms


bulletSummary of the new EEOC Enforcement Guidance on the ADA and People with Psychiatric Disability


bulletArticle: The EEOC and the ADA’s Reasonable Accommodations Mandate


bulletThe Rehabilitation Act of 1973 - Sections 501, 503 and 504


bulletArticle: The ADA and Section 504: Legal Mechanisms for Achieving Effective Supported Education


bulletThe Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA)

The information contained in these pages is for educational purposes only, and is not legal advice. Individuals should contact the appropriate legal resources for specific legal advice regarding their particular situations.


Reasonable Accommodations Site
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