A mood stabilizer is a psychiatric medication used in the treatment of bipolar disorder to suppress swings between mania and depression .

Mood stabilizers include:

bulletLithium carbonate - Monitor blood lithium levels closely (therapeutic 0.6 - 1.2) and observe for s/s of toxicity, i.e., nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, ataxia,
bulletValproic acid (sodium valproate) (Depakote) - Available in extended release form. Can be very irritating to the stomach, especially the generic form. Liver function should be monitored. Blood levels are required.
bulletCarbamazepine (Tegretol ) - CBC should be monitored; can lower WBC. Monitor blood levels.
bulletOxcarbazepine  (Trilepta)l
bulletGabapentin (Neurontin )
bulletLamotrigine (Lamictal - Monitor for s/s of Stevens-Johnson's syndrome > which can be fatal
bulletTopiramate (Topamax)
bulletEquetro New extended release form of carbamazepine

Other than lithium carbonate, most mood stabilizers are also anticonvulsants

Many antipsychotics also have mood stabilizing effects and are thus commonly prescribed even when psychotic symptoms are absent.

It is also conjectured that Omega-3 fatty acids may have a mood stabilizing effect. However, more research is needed to verify this (a multi-year study of this is now being carried out as of 2001).

Mood stabilizers are also used in the treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder and occasionally in other mood disorders if they are characterised by rapid and unstable mood shifts and it is felt that the patient might benefit from the medication.

ReferencesManic-Depressive Illness by Frederick K. Goodwin and Kay Redfield Jamison.All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights </wiki/Wikipedia:Copyrights> for details).

Bipolar World   1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
Owners:  Allie Bloom, David Schafer, M.Ed. (Blackdog)

Partners:  John Haeckel, Judith (Duff)
Founder:  Colleen Sullivan
Email Us at Bipolar World

About Us  Add a Link  Advance Directives  Alternative Treatments  Ask the Doctor   Ask Dr. Plyler about Bipolar Disorder   Ask The Doctor/Topic Archives  Awards  Benny the Bipolar Puppy  Bipolar Chat  Bipolar Children  Bipolar Disorder News  Bipolar Help Contract  Bipolar World Forums  Book Reviews  Bookstore  BP & Other mental Illness   Clinical Research Trials & FDA Drug Approval   Community Support   Contact Us  The Continuum of Mania and Depression   Coping   Criteria    Criteria and Diagnosis  Criteria-World Health Disabilities,  DSMV-IV   Dual Diagnosis  eGroups  Expressions (Poetry, Inspiration, Humor, Art Gallery, Memorials  Family Members   Getting Help for a Loved One who Refuses Treatment  Greeting Cards  History of Mental Illness  Indigo  Job and School  Links    Medications   Medication and Weight Gain    News of the Day  Parent Chat  Pay for Meds  Personal Stories  Self Help  Self Injury  Significant Others  Stigma and Mental Health Law  Storm's Column  Suicide!!!  The Suicide Wall  Table of Contents  Treatments  Treatment Compliance  US Disability  Veteran's Chat  What's New?