Fluoxetine versus sertraline and paroxetine in major depressive disorder: changes in weight with long-term treatment.

Fava M, Judge R, Hoog SL, Nilsson ME, Koke SC.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114, USA. mfava@partners.org

BACKGROUND: The effects of extended selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) treatment on weight are not well characterized. Also unknown is whether different agents have differential effects. To examine these questions, we assessed weight changes in patients randomly assigned to long-term treatment with fluoxetine, sertraline, or paroxetine. METHOD: Patients (N = 284) with major depressive disorder (DSM-IV) were randomly assigned to double-blind treatment with fluoxetine (N = 92), sertraline, (N = 96), or paroxetine (N = 96) for a total of 26 to 32 weeks. The mean percent change in weight was compared for each group, as was the number of patients who had > or = 7% weight increase from baseline. RESULTS: Patients (fluoxetine, N = 44; sertraline, N = 48; paroxetine, N = 47) who completed the trial were included in these analyses. Paroxetine-treated patients experienced a significant weight increase, fluoxetine-treated patients had a modest but nonsignificant weight decrease, and patients treated with sertraline had a modest but nonsignificant weight increase. The number of patients whose weight increased > 7% from baseline was significantly greater for paroxetine-treated compared with either fluoxetine-treated or sertraline-treated patients. CONCLUSION: Risk of weight gain during extended SSRI treatment differs depending on which SSRI is used.


Publication Types:

Clinical Trial

Multicenter Study

Randomized Controlled Trial


PMID: 11105740 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

Bipolar World   1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
Owners:  Allie Bloom, David Schafer, M.Ed. (Blackdog)

Partners:  John Haeckel, Judith (Duff)
Founder:  Colleen Sullivan
Email Us at Bipolar World


About Us  Add a Link  Advance Directives  Alternative Treatments  Ask the Doctor   Ask Dr. Plyler about Bipolar Disorder   Ask The Doctor/Topic Archives  Awards  Benny the Bipolar Puppy  Bipolar Chat  Bipolar Children  Bipolar Disorder News  Bipolar Help Contract  Bipolar World Forums  Book Reviews  Bookstore  BP & Other mental Illness   Clinical Research Trials & FDA Drug Approval   Community Support   Contact Us  The Continuum of Mania and Depression   Coping   Criteria    Criteria and Diagnosis  Criteria-World Health Disabilities,  DSMV-IV   Dual Diagnosis  eGroups  Expressions (Poetry, Inspiration, Humor, Art Gallery, Memorials  Family Members   Getting Help for a Loved One who Refuses Treatment  Greeting Cards  History of Mental Illness  Indigo  Job and School  Links    Medications   Medication and Weight Gain    News of the Day  Parent Chat  Pay for Meds  Personal Stories  Self Help  Self Injury  Significant Others  Stigma and Mental Health Law  Storm's Column  Suicide!!!  The Suicide Wall  Table of Contents  Treatments  Treatment Compliance  US Disability  Veteran's Chat  What's New?